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> 3句话就能学好陕西专升本英语语法?
2021专升本

3句话就能学好陕西专升本英语语法?

2020-12-29 10:34:28 来源: 库课网校 阅读: 257 编辑: 吴老师

摘要:专升本英语语法是很多同学头疼的考点,因为不仅难,而且穿插在各个题型中考察。怎么办?今天库课小编就用 3 句话帮大家理清思路,让你学好陕西专升本英语语法!

  专升本英语语法是很多同学头疼的考点,因为不仅难,而且穿插在各个题型中考察。怎么办?今天库课小编就用 3 句话帮大家理清思路,让你学好陕西专升本英语语法!

  一、英语是一门逐渐发展演变的语言,早在远古时期,英语的结构其实只有以下这两种,即简单句的 原始结构。

  主+谓+宾 ;主+系+表

  1、主语:

  主语是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首。在原始的简单句中,主语可由名词、代词、数词、名词化的形容词表示。

  例如:

  During the 1990s, American country music has become more and more popular.(名词)

  We often speak English in class.(代词)

  The rich should help the poor.(名词化的形容词)

  2、谓语(动词):

  二、谓语说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。动词在句中作谓语,一般放在主语之后。谓语的构成如下:

  1.简单谓语:

  由一个动词或动词短语构成。

  如:He practices running every morning.

  2.复合谓语:

  (1)由情态动词或其他助动词加动词原形构成。

  如:You may keep the book for two weeks.

  (2)由系动词加表语构成。

  如:We are students

  3、宾语:

  宾语表示动作的对象或承受者,一般位于及物动词和介词后面。

  例如:

  They went to see an exhibition yesterday(名词)

  The heavy rain prevented me from coming to school on time.(代词)

  They helped the old with their housework yesterday.(名词化形容词)

  4、表语:

  表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态,它一般位于系动词(如 be, become, get, look, grow, turn, seem 等)之后。

  表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词。

  Our teacher of English is an American.(名词)

  Is it yours?(代词)

  The weather has turned cold.(形容词)

  The speech is exciting.(分词)

  Three times seven is twenty one?(数词)

3句话就能学好陕西专升本英语语法?

  三、在简单句中,只要满足上面两种结构,就可以把一件简单的事说清楚,但随着英语的逐渐演变, 又演变出两种新的成分,可以对句子进行修饰和补充,我们称之为定语和状语。

  1、定语:

  修饰名词或代词的词为定语。定语可由以下等成分表示:(在汉语里,定语可以翻译 成…的)

  Guilin is a beautiful city.(形容词) China is a developing country; America is a developed country.(分词)

  There are thirty women teachers is our schoo.(名词)

  His rapid progress in English made us surprised.(代词)

  2、状语:

  修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,说明动作或状态特征的句子成分,叫做状语。状语在高中是一个相对抽象的概念,在简单句中状语一般由副词充当,修饰动词和形容词为主, 除此之外,介词短语在简单句中也喜欢扮演状语的作用,这个语法点主要存在于我们的语法填空 和短文改错中。

  随着英语的逐渐演变,在某些简单句中,相对应的句子成分不能用单词进行描述。

  1、只加不定式作宾语的动词:

  plan, demand, promise, help, prepare, decide, refuse, choose, wish/hope, expect, fail, pretend, manage, determine, beg, arrange, threaten, claim, hesitate, happen 等

  2、只加动名词作宾语的动词:

  admit,avoid, consider, escape, imagine, mind, miss, practice, suggest, advise, allow, permit, risk, prevent, resist, deny, forbid, advocate, forgive, acknowledge, postpone, delay, fancy,recall,finish/complete, acknowledge 等

  3、下面这些短语只能加 doing 作宾语:

  be addicted to, be accustomed to, get down to, lead to ,contribute to, devote oneself to , object to, look forward to, owing to, become/get/be used to, pay attention to 等

  4、既可以加 to do, 也可以加 doing 的动词,且意思很相近的动词:intend, attempt, continue, begin, start 等

  5、接 to do 和 doing 作宾语意义差别很大的动词:

  mean, forget, try, go on 等。To swim in the river is a great pleasure.(不定式)

  Smoking does harm to the health.(动名词)

  He pretended not to see me.(不定式短语)

  I enjoy listening to popular music.(动名词短语)

  Our monitor is always the first to enter the classroom.(不定式短语)

  The boy playing football(动名词短语) is my brother The dog killed by a car(过去分词短语) is very fierce.

  注意:非谓语动词短语作定语时,要放在修饰词的后面,形容词做定语时,放在修饰词的前面。

  主(我们所需要的东西)+is +much knowledge I know 宾(Tom 什么时候回来)

  My question is (是否我们需要好好学英语) I love a place(有很多鲜花和绿树的地方)

  以上就是库课小编的分享,更多内容可到库课网校APP了解。


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