2025年专升本英语语法专项练习(被动语态)

2024年06月12日 11:21:36
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  1. All the students were ________ by the ________ speech given by the headmaster.

  A. inspired; inspired

  B. inspiring; inspiring

  C. inspired; inspiring

  D. inspiring; inspired

  2. When the little girl awoke, she found herself ________ by a group of soldiers.

  A. surround

  B. be surrounded

  C. being surrounded

  D. being surrounding

  3. He hurried to the hospital, only ________ his father had just died.

  A. to tell

  B. to be told

  C. telling

  D. told

  4. According to the expert's presentation, the project ____ to increase household income for farmers in the western areas.

  A. is expected

  B. are expected

  C. is expecting

  D. expects

  5. Catherine has never dreamed of __________ abroad.

  A. having sent

  B. to be sent

  C. being sent

  D. to send

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  答案解析:

  1.【解析】考查被动语态。结合句意可知:所有的学生都被校长的鼓舞人心的演讲所激励。“学生”是“被激励”,应该用被动语态。inspiring为形容词,鼓舞人心的,修饰名词speech。故答案选C。

  2.【解析】考查被动语态。结合句意可知:当小女孩睡醒的时候,她发现她自己被一群士兵环绕着。“女孩”是“被环绕”,用被动语态。find sb. doing sth. 发现某人正在做某事。故答案选C。

  3.【解析】考查被动语态。“他”是“被告知”,用被动语态。only to do sth. 意为“却......;不料竟......”,往往表示出乎意料的或令人失望的结果。结合句意可知:他急忙赶到医院,却被告知父亲刚刚去世。故答案选B。

  4.【解析】 考查被动语态。the protect表示“项目”,选项中的expect表示“期待”,“项目被期待”,用被动语态。结合句意可知:根据专家的介绍,该项目有望增加西部地区农民的家庭收入。be expected to do sth. 有望做某事,被期待做某事。故答案选A。

  5.【解析】考查被动语态。Cathtrine与send之间是被动关系,“凯瑟琳被派出国”,因此用被动语态。结合句意可知:凯瑟琳从未梦想过被派出国。of是介词,后面跟动词的ing形式,故答案选C。

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